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Higher Education in The U.K. /english/

Higher Education in The U.K.

There are more than 60 universities in the U.K. The leading

universities are Cambridge, Oxford and London. English universities

differ from each other in traditions, general organization, internal

goverment, etc. British universities are comparatively small, the

approximate number is about 7-8 thousand students. Most universities

have under 3000 students, some even less than 1500 ones. London and

Oxford universities are international, because people from many parts

of the world come to study at one of their colleges. A number of

wellknown scientists and writers, among them Newton, Darvin, Byron

were educated in Cambridge.

A university consists of a number of departments: art, law,

music, economy, education, medicine, engineering, etc.

After three years of study a student may proceed to a Bachelor's

degree, and later to the degrees of Master and Doctor. Besides

universities there are at present in Britain 300 technical colleges,

providing part-time and full-time education.

The organization system of Oxford and Cambridge differs from that

of all other universities and colleges. The teachers are usually

called Dons. Part of the teaching is by means of lectures organized by

the university. Teaching is also carried out by tutorial system. This

is the system of individual tuitio organized by the colleges. Each

student goes to his tutor's room once a week to read and discuss an

essay which the student has prepared.

Some students get scholarship but the number of these students is

comparatively small. There are many sociaties and clubs at Cambridge

and Oxford. The most celebrating at Cambridge is the Debating Sociaty

at which students discuss political and other questions with famous

politicians and writers. Sporting activities are also numerous.

The work and games, the traditions and customs, the jokes and

debates - all are parts of students' life there.

It should be mentioned that not many children from the

working-class families are able to receive the higher education as the

fees are very high (more than L1000 a year). Besides that special fees

are taken for books, for laboratory works, exams and so on.

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